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Fauna

 

 
  Despite the hot and dry climate of the desert, Sinai has quite a vivid fauna. To have an easy overview about the diversity, we have split it into three categories: land, air and sea animals.
   
  Land Species

 
  camels:
Today there are approximately 14 million camels around the world, only a small amount of these are in Sinai. As long as there are Beduines wandering in the deserts and mountains, there will be camels in Sinai. Find here a detailled description about camels.
  foxes:
In Sinai you find quite a big amount of foxes. Close to inhabited areas they are mostly hunting arround for food and water. Sleeping in open air one should carefully be hiding food at night, foxes will definitely search for it. You find the red fox and the rarer sand fox. In South Sinai, especially in the area of Ras Mohamed you might find optimal conditions if you consider to take a picture of a fox very close to you.
  gazelles: These animals have become rare in the past. They are mainly in herds, in larger, rather open and sandy territories. Gazelles are very timid and therefore it is quite difficult to get closer in order to observe them.
  ibexes: Ibexes have been hunted in the early 20th century so much that they have almost become extinct. For the last decates the number of ibexes has increased again and is mostly found in the region of Gebel Katrin.
  leopard:

Now thought to be extinct in the South Sinai region. Genus: Panthera, Species: pardus [jarvisi]
(check stkparks)


  lizards: for Sinai there is mainly two reptiles worth mentioning: the big and rare Dabb Lizard and the small Sinai Agama that has a blue head and neck.
  rodents: there are many golden spiny mouses and in rarer cases you find the Sinai Rock Hyrax.
  snakes: Snakes have been helt in mythical or religious awe by various cultures throughout history. The ancient Egyptians worshipped them as a symbol of fertility. Today, snakes are found in the rather rocky and sandy areas. The Burton's Carpet Viper, the Black Cobra, the Horned Viper (all three very dangerous), and the Egyptian Sand Snake are examples. One should proceed with caution and avoid sandy areas with vegetation. Find out how to protect from snakes.

Sahara Sand Snake
     
     
  Flying Species
 
  Eagles: The Golden Eagle, the Imperial Eagle, the lesser Step Eagle are migratory birds from north Mediterranean areas that spend the winter in Sinai and other parts of the Red Sea. With a wingspan of 6-7 feet and a length of 30 inches, the Golden Eagle is found in mountainous regions, canyons, shrubland. It preys primarily on mammals such as rabbits and hares, though reptiles and rodents are also part of its diet.
  Falcons:
 

Herons:

 

 


  Migratory Species:
  Ospreys:

The Osprey or sometimes referred to as the Fish Hawk can mostly be observed in the coastal areas, where they go fishing.  
  Seagulls:
   
  Storks: Each August there are approx. 500.000 white storks to be seen in Sinai. They normally arrive very exhausted and partly in poor physical condition because of pesticides commonly used in Europe and overland electrification network. They are generally coming close to Ras Mohamed and Nabq, where they find the mangroves protecting them.  
     
  Sea Species

 

 
Since the red sea is one of the most spectacelous under water "visitor center" in the world, please find detailed information about fishes etc. in our under water section.

 


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